BeanFactoryPostProcessor in Spring

Customizing beans with BeanPostProcessors

In previous chapter we have been seen that how to Customizing beans with BeanPostProcessors:
A   bean   post-processor   is   a    java   class   which   implements    the org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanPostProcessor interface, which consists of two callback methods 

(postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) & postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName)).

When such a class is registered as a post-processor with the BeanFactory, for each bean instance that is created by the BeanFactory, the post-processor will get a callback from the BeanFactory before any initialization methods (afterPropertiesSet and any declared init method) are called, and also afterwords.

Customizing bean factories with BeanFactoryPostProcessors
A   bean   factory    post-processor    is    a    java   class    which   implements   the org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanFactoryPostProcessor interface. It is executed manually (in the case of the BeanFactory) or automatically (in the case of the ApplicationContext) to apply changes of some sort to an entire BeanFactory, after it has been constructed.
 Spring includes a number of pre-existing bean factory post-processors, such as given below

PropertyResourceConfigurer and PropertyPlaceHolderConfigurer - implemented as a bean factory post-processor, is used to externalize some property values from a BeanFactory definition, into another separate file in Java Properties format. This is useful to allow to developer to declare some key property as properties file. As given below example show the database connection related information in the following property file. 

databaseConfig.properties
jdbc.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://davproductionDB:3306
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=root

Now in the bean configuration file has the dataSource bean as below.

<bean class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method="close" id="dataSource">
  <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driverClassName}">
  <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}">
  <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}">
  <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}">
</property></property></property></property></bean>

To use this with a BeanFactory, the bean factory post-processor is manually executed on it:

XmlBeanFactory factory = new XmlBeanFactory(new FileSystemResource("spring.xml"));
PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer cfg = new PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer();
cfg.setLocation(new FileSystemResource("databaseConfig.properties"));
cfg.postProcessBeanFactory(factory);

To use this with a ApplicationContext, the bean factory post-processor is automatically executed on it:

ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");

Now see the full running application which using BeanFactoryPostProcessor interceptor to config the BeanFactory at time of initialization.

Triangle.java
package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial;

public class Triangle
{
 private Point pointA;
 private Point pointB;
 private Point pointC;
 /**
  * @param pointA the pointA to set
  */
 public void setPointA(Point pointA) {
  this.pointA = pointA;
 }

 /**
  * @param pointB the pointB to set
  */
 public void setPointB(Point pointB) {
  this.pointB = pointB;
 }

 /**
  * @param pointC the pointC to set
  */
 public void setPointC(Point pointC) {
  this.pointC = pointC;
 }

 public void draw()
 {
System.out.println("PointA is ("+pointA.getX()+", "+pointA.getY()+")");
System.out.println("PointB is ("+pointB.getX()+", "+pointB.getY()+")");
System.out.println("PointC is ("+pointC.getX()+", "+pointC.getY()+")");
 }
}

Point.java
package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial;

public class Point
{
 private int x;
 private int y;
 /**
  * @return the x
  */
 public int getX() {
  return x;
 }
 /**
  * @param x the x to set
  */
 public void setX(int x) {
  this.x = x;
 }
 /**
  * @return the y
  */
 public int getY() {
  return y;
 }
 /**
  * @param y the y to set
  */
 public void setY(int y) {
  this.y = y;
 }
}
Now define the bean configuration file.

spring.xml
<beans xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:security="http://www.springframework.org/schema/security" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xsi:schemalocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans">
  
<bean autowire="byName" class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial.Triangle" id="triangle"></bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial.Point" id="pointA">
   <property name="x" value="0"></property>
   <property name="y" value="0"></property>
</bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial.Point" id="pointB">
   <property name="x" value="-20"></property>
   <property name="y" value="0"></property>
</bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial.Point" id="pointC">
   <property name="x" value="${pointC.x}"></property>
   <property name="y" value="${pointC.y}"></property>
</bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial.BeanFactoryPPDemo"></bean>
</beans>
In the above configuration file, bean id "pointC" have the two properties x and y the value of these two properties read from the property file (shape.properties)as given below

shape.properties
pointC.x=20
pointC.y=0
Now define a class which implement the BeanFactoryPostProcessor interface for the config the bean factory at the time of initialization with given property file value.

BeanFactoryPPDemo.java
package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial;

import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanFactoryPostProcessor;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ConfigurableListableBeanFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer;
import org.springframework.core.io.FileSystemResource;

public class BeanFactoryPPDemo implements BeanFactoryPostProcessor  
{
@Override
public void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException
 {
 PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer cfg = new PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer();  
 cfg.setLocation(new FileSystemResource("shape.properties"));  
 cfg.postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory); 
 System.out.println("Bean factory post processor is initialized");
 }
}
If every thing is Ok then run the following main application file and see the console.

DrawingApp.java
package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

/**
 * @author Dinesh Rajput
 *
 */
public class DrawingApp 
{
 /**
  * @param args
  */
 public static void main(String[] args) 
 {
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");
Triangle triangle = (Triangle) context.getBean("triangle");
triangle.draw();
 }

}
Output:
Jul 5, 2012 12:43:27 AM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext@ab50cd: startup date [Thu Jul 05 00:43:27 IST 2012]; root of context hierarchy
Jul 5, 2012 12:43:27 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader loadBeanDefinitions
INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring.xml]
Jul 5, 2012 12:43:27 AM org.springframework.core.io.support.PropertiesLoaderSupport loadProperties
INFO: Loading properties file from file [F:\my workspace\spring16BeanFactoryPPDemo\shape.properties]
Bean factory post processor is initialized
Jul 5, 2012 12:43:27 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory preInstantiateSingletons
INFO: Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@14c1103: defining beans [triangle,pointA,pointB,pointC,com.dineshonjava.sdnext.beanFactoryPP.tutorial.BeanFactoryPPDemo#0]; root of factory hierarchy
PointA is (0, 0)
PointB is (-20, 0)
PointC is (20, 0)

See the project structure for that application.


BeanFactoryPostProcessor in Spring

In Next Chapter we will discuss about the Coding To Interfaces in Spring.



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