Struts 2 Text Tag Example

The text tag is a generic tag that is used to render a I18n text message. The message must be in a resource bundle with the same name as the action that it is associated with. In practice this means that you should create a properties file in the same package as your Java class with the same name as your class, but with .properties extension.

The text tag is a generic tag that is used to render a I18n text message. Follow one of the three steps:
  • The message must be in a resource bundle with the same name as the action that it is associated with. In practice this means that you should create a properties file in the same package as your Java class with the same name as your class, but with .properties extension.
  • If the named message is not found, then the body of the tag will be used as default message.
  • If no body is used, then the name of the message will be used.
Let us check the following example to understand the usage of text tag:
Create action classes:
package com.dineshonjava.struts2.action;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

/**
 * @author Dinesh Rajput
 *
 */
public class DataTagAction extends ActionSupport {

 private static final long serialVersionUID = -7744420104547018874L;
 private String name;
 
 public String execute() {
  return SUCCESS;
 }

 public String getName() {
  return name;
 }

 public void setName(String name) {
  this.name = name;
 }
  
}
Create views
Let us have success.jsp with the following content:
<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>
<html>
<head>
<STYLE type="text/css">

b{color: blue;}

</STYLE>
<title>Text Data Tag Struts2 | dineshonjava.com</title>
</head>
<body>
   <h1><span style="background-color: #FFFFcc">Text Data Tags Example!</span></h1>
   <b><s:i18n name="HelloWorldAction">
     <s:text name="name.success"/><br>
     <s:text name="name.xyz">Message doesn't exists</s:text><br>
     <s:text name="name.msg.param">
        <s:param >DINESH</s:param>
   </s:text>
</s:i18n></b>
</body>
</html>
Configuration Files
Let us create a property file with the same name as of your action class package name. So in this case we will create myapp.properties file and keep in the class path:
label.username = User Name
label.submit = Submit
name.success = This is success message
name.msg.param = The param example - param : {0}
struts.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
    "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"
    "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.0.dtd">
 
<struts>
    <constant name="struts.enable.DynamicMethodInvocation" value="false" />
    <constant name="struts.devMode" value="false" />
    <constant name="struts.custom.i18n.resources" value="myapp" />
 
 <package name="default" extends="struts-default" namespace="/">
        <action name="texttag" class="com.dineshonjava.struts2.action.DataTagAction">
            <result name="success">/success.jsp</result>
        </action>
    </package>
 </struts>

web.xml should look like:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
  <display-name>Struts2DataTag</display-name>
 <filter>
        <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
            org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher
        </filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

Right click on the project name and click Export > WAR File to create a War file. Then deploy this WAR in the Tomcat's webapps directory. Finally, start Tomcat server and try to access

URL http://localhost:8080/doj/texttag.

This will give you following screen:



Download Source Code
TextDataTagExample.zip



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