@Resource Annotation in JSR-250 with Spring Framework

You can use @Resource annotation on fields or setter methods and it works the same as in Java EE 5. The @Resource annotation takes a ‘name‘ attribute which will be interpreted as the bean name to be injected. You can say, it follows by-name autowiring semantics as demonstrated in the below example:

Circle.java

package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

public class Circle
{ 
 private Point center;
 
 @Resource(name="pointB")
 public void setCenter(Point center) 
 {
    this.center = center;
 }

 public void draw() 
 {
System.out.println("Circle is drawn of center ("+center.getX()+", "+center.getY()+")");
 }
}

If no “name” is specified explicitly, the default name is derived from the field name or setter method. In case of a field, it takes the field name; in case of a setter method, it takes the bean property name.

Point.java

package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial;

public class Point
{
 private int x;
 private int y;
 /**
  * @return the x
  */
 public int getX() {
  return x;
 }
 /**
  * @param x the x to set
  */
 public void setX(int x) {
  this.x = x;
 }
 /**
  * @return the y
  */
 public int getY() {
  return y;
 }
 /**
  * @param y the y to set
  */
 public void setY(int y) {
  this.y = y;
 }
}


DrawingApp.java

package com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

/**
 * @author Dinesh
 *
 */
public class DrawingApp 
{
 /**
  * @param args
  */
 public static void main(String[] args) 
 {
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");
Circle circle= (Circle) context.getBean("circle");
circle.draw();
 }
}

spring.xml

<beans xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:security="http://www.springframework.org/schema/security" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xsi:schemalocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans">
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial.Circle" id="circle"></bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial.Point" id="pointA">
   <property name="x" value="0"></property>
   <property name="y" value="0"></property>
</bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial.Point" id="pointB">
   <property name="x" value="-20"></property>
   <property name="y" value="0"></property>
</bean>
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial.Point" id="pointC">
   <property name="x" value="20"></property>
   <property name="y" value="0"></property>
</bean> 
  
<bean class="com.dineshonjava.sdnext.jsr.tutorial.Point" id="center">
   <property name="x" value="10"></property>
   <property name="y" value="10"></property>
</bean>
<context:annotation-config></context:annotation-config>
</beans>

Once you are done with creating source and bean configuration files, let us run the application. If everything is fine with your application, this will print the following message:

Output:
Jul 14, 2012 12:40:59 AM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext@ab50cd: startup date [Sat Jul 14 00:40:59 IST 2012]; root of context hierarchy
Jul 14, 2012 12:40:59 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader loadBeanDefinitions
INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring.xml]
Jul 14, 2012 12:41:00 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory preInstantiateSingletons
INFO: Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@bd928a: defining beans [circle,pointA,pointB,pointC,center,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalConfigurationAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalAutowiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalRequiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalCommonAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassPostProcessor$ImportAwareBeanPostProcessor#0]; root of factory hierarchy

Circle is drawn of center (-20, 0)

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